Nowadays, everyone including organizations, users etc. are worried about the security of their data. Most of the organizations are protecting their data with powerful security applications by paying a lot of bucks. To protect data is always the best approach. However, most users are not aware that email security threats are the top threats to an organization’s cybersecurity. Basically, Cybercriminals use a variety of email based attacks to deliver malware, attract victims to malicious websites, steal confidential and important data. Thus, to protect business as well as personal data one has to know types of common email threats and need to take preventive measure to protect data and avoid vulnerabilities & risk.
Now, to implement this task in an effective way, one must need to understand the current email threats first and then apply protection policies. In the section given below, we are going to explain different types of email threats and attcks to provide more knowledge about the threats. This will help the users to handle and fight with the email threat in a perfect way.
A universal service used by over a billion people worldwide is Email. However, from the past few years, email has become a major vulnerability to users and organizations. Thus, to protect the organization from
Threat 1: Ransomware: Its Name Says It All
Basically, Ransomware is a type of malware program which is most commonly delivered threats via email. It is also referred to as “crypto-Trojan, crypto-worm, or crypto-virus”. This malware program encrypts the victim’s data and demands a fee to restore it. In other words, one can also say that Ransomware infects, locks or takes control of the system and demands a ransom to undo it. Ultimately, if email ransom threats hits the system then the victim has to pay the ransom to recover the data.
Threat 2: Phishing: Not Same As Fishing!
One of the most commonly occurring fraudulent act is Phishing email attacks. In Phishing, the victim’s private and sensitive data is acquired such as personal identification, credit card numbers, account credentials. With the help of complex social engineering techniques and computer programming expertise, phishing websites attract email recipients and Web users to believe that a fake/spoofed website is genuine. In reality, the phishing victim later realizes and discovers that his/her personal identity or other important information have been stolen or leaked. This phishing threat includes extremely legitimate-looking emails such as emails from banks or reputed organizations. The email may appear to be from Google or another reliable company, which will often request the user to click on the link to log in and update information. Due to the lack of knowledge, most of the people provide their personal and vital information and get stuck in the web of fake websites.
Threat 3: Spear Phishing: More Targeted Form of Phishing!
In spear phishing email attacks are highly customized and focused on a particular individual or organization. Cybercriminals perform extensive research to make their emails appear genuine. For example, a criminal will appear to be legitimate colleagues, business partner, departments, or even superiors. An email arrives from a trustworthy source apparently, but instead, it leads the innocent recipient to a fake/bogus website full of malware. Such email based attacks often use clever tactics to get the victim’s attention. This is how Spear Phishing attacks works.
Threat 4: Spoofing: Act of Tricking Someone!
A malicious practice in which communication is sent from an unknown source disguised as a source known to the receiver is referred as ‘Spoofing’. This activity can deliver threats via emails, websites, phone calls or it can be more technical such as computer spoofing an IP address, Address Resolution Protocol etc. Basically, this is common email threats or fraudulent act used to gain access to the victim’s personal information, bypass network access controls, spread malware through infected links or attachments, or redistribute traffic to conduct a denial-of-service attack.
Threat 5: Whaling: Business Email Compromise
Whaling is a phishing email attack which targets the organization’s biggest fish which means that high profiles are targeted within an organization such as senior executives. It also includes targets such as celebrities, politicians etc. It is a type of social engineering scam where an attacker sends an email based threats to someone in the organization which is capable to execute a financial transaction. The email looks as it is sent via CEO and requests an immediate financial transaction such as a direct deposit, wire transfer, vendor payment etc.
Threat 6: Key Loggers: Associated with Keyboard Keys!
A keylogger is a piece of software, a hardware device that logs every key that the user press on his/her keyboard. It is a common current email threat which captures passwords, personal messages, credit card number and everything else typed by the user. Keylogger is one of the effective methods used by criminals to obtain IDs and passwords.
For every person whether a home user or a company’s owner, security is an important concern. One must know about current email security threats that can harm the data and lead to vulnerabilities. Thus, in the above section, we have introduced different types of email threats which can affect the user’s data, business, or company in a bad way. The user must know all the common email threats so that he/she can take proper security measures before its too late.